Why is Melbourne where it is?
That’s where John Batman settled. Port Phillip bay for trade, Yarra for fresh water, Dandenong’s for mountains and good agriculture in the east and west
Where was the first white settlement in Victoria?
A convict settlement in Sorrento but soon was abandoned
What was it like before settlement?
Thousands of aboriginals lived in the port Phillip district
Why did people come?
Jails were full in Great Britain so they placed convicts in Melbourne.
Who lived there?
Aboriginals, 20,500 by 18,500 and European settlers
What was it like to be there?
Buildings were few, food was uncertain, water from the Yarra was muddy. Basic services were lacking, settlers lived in small huts. Public disorder were threatening.
How was it organised / government?
Government distributed land between Melbourne settlers assuming it belonged to the crown.
Who came and why?
Europeans, Asians people all over the world for the chance of fortune from the gold rush German, China, North America, British, Irish, Chinese became largest community
Who stayed and what became of them?
People who stayed grew and made a fortune with their businesses
Why did people leave?
People failed making money they thought they would make a fortune. It free to fast because of the gold rush and became an unlovable city. Insufficient food and water
What size was Melbourne?
What form did it take? 500,000 people. It grew in size very rapidly because of gold rush.
What were the connections within Melbourne and between Melbourne and the world ? Through the gold rush many migrants
How were people making Melbourne their home?
They started their own businesses and families with the money from the gold rush and established sense of community
What caused Melbourne to boom, and what did it mean for Melbournians?
The gold rush made it boom as well as conceptions to make a fortune. It meant larger population and struggle to keep up with it all.
Did everyone benefit from the boom?
No, some were left devastated
Why did Melbourne have a depression? And how bad was it?
They had it because people were spending their money to dig for gold but they often didn’t find anything so they wee left with nothing . Pretty bad
What made Melbourne socially progressive in some areas?
People were establishing themselves with money
Why did Melbourne develop a new Sewage system? What was the sanitation like in Melbourne?
Because originally waste was thrown on the street hence the name was formed ‘smellbourne’.
Why was Melbourne Australia’s first capital?
Because they were the centre of movement for white Australia.
How long was Melbourne the capital and why did the capital move to Canberra?
27 years. Melbourne was only made as a temporary capital.
What helped make Melbourne the manufacturing heart of Australia?
Because of the high amount of agriculture.
How did Melbourne assist in putting Australia on the world map?
The gold rush.
How did Melbourne experience World War 1?
The Melbourne men fought in Europe and the Middle East. Many were in the 2nd brigade who were apart of the ANZAC’s who fought in Gallipoli.
When did Melbourne houses become electrified?
How did Melbourne experience the Depression and World War 2?
The Great Depression hit everyone hard, as well as the cinemas as tickets failed to sell. Children also suffered as child endowments payments would not be introduced until 1941. It was hard at home for the children as well as they had to help out a lot more at home, helping their mothers care for their family whilst their fathers would be out trying to find work. During the depression, everyone unemployed or homeless would que for hours in food and charity handouts. In 1933 almost a third of unemployed men in Melbourne had been out of work for 3 years. When WW2 came, it was a slight relief for some as it meant they could get a job. Although it wasn’t under the best circumstances, it meant income for their families.
What were the effects of modernisation on everyday life?
New styles began to appear in houses amongst the suburbs. Some included: Californian Bungalow, Spanish Mission, Tudor Revival and Streamlined Moderne. Inside the home, cluttered mantelpieces were being striped bare and cabinets were being transformed into modern kitchens. Things were also changing in the city centre, office buildings were becoming larger with more success. The sounds around and amongst the city grew louder, telephones rang, electric trams going by, as well as motor cars going past.
How did the shape of Melbourne change- with growth of suburbs, industry and leisure?
Before television, people flocked in thousands to Melbourne’s grand picture palaces for the latest talking films- this was their entertainment. News stands also kept Melburnians updated on the current events, such as Phar Lap, centenary celebrations and Australia’s involvement in WW2. Radio studios drew crowds as well, everyone wanted a glimpse of the “wireless”. It was soon brought into homes known as cheap, assessable entertainment and information in ones living room. Of course there were other ways to have fun, a day trip to Luna park, picnics, backyard cricket, Australian Rules football fans would pile up to support their local heroes every Saturday afternoon. Car ownership also increased meaning there were more family outings to the Dandenong’s or the beach for a day out.
How and where did Melbourne grow?
Melbourne grew out to the east and south along the East Coast. During the 80s it started to grow west. At 1945 the population was 1 180 200. At 1980 the population was 2 787 400.
What was the suburban experience in Melbourne in the post-war period? What were the expectations, dreams and experiences of those people who started new homes and families in this period?
Melbourne began to become very diverse. In streets, homes and schools immigrants were influencing the Melbourne lifestyle. In the 60s and 70s kids started dreaming for more than the usual lawnmower, laminex kitchen and car. Social activities began to flourish and Melbourne’s youth culture rised.
Who settled in Melbourne and why?
A lot of Europeans settled between 50-60s. Latvians, Italians, Greeks and British. In 1977 the last ocean liner carried assisted immigrants to Melbourne.
When and why were the high-rise public housing towers built?
Housing Commission of Victoria started major development about 1966. They developed about 45 high rise towers in suburbs such as Fitzroy, Carlton and South Melbourne. They needed to cater for the growing population and used high rises buildings rather than building multiple smaller buildings and used more land. They were cheap so many immigrants moved there.
How did the car shape Melbourne?
The first Holden car was launched in 1948. Transportation made Melbourne an easy and accessible society. It allowed people to access all parts of the city and work further from home. It allowed the growth of Melbourne.
What is the distinctive character of Melbourne?
Melbourne is a liveable and diverse city. It’s very accepting and multicultural. Throughout this time, there was a good public transport system. It was an advanced and innovative society.
How is Islam different from, and similar to, Christianity? Write half a page, detailing information that was conveyed by the ‘mosque ladies’.
Islam does not have the same God as everyone. They look up to their God, Allah. Allah is different to our God for example, if you’re asking forgiveness for something you’ve done towards a person, when you’re praying to God then you ask for that person to forgive you when you next see them. But if you’re praying to Allah then you can forgiveness from that person through Allah. You could ask “please Kim forgive me” and you can have forgiveness from that person through Allah, unlike our God. When praying to our God, you normally just kneel on the floor with your hands placed together in praying position. When praying to Allah, there are 4 different stages to the prayer, standing up straight is one, bending down half way (so your back is completely straight), kneeling on the floor and having your forehead, nose, chin and hands touch the floor. The last position of the prayer (when you’re forehead etc is touching the floor) happens because touching the floor is believed to be the closets you could possibly be to Allah. Although you can do different things with each God and pray differently, they are both the same. They are both there for guidance, advice, forgiveness, to look over you, protection etc. They both exist for the same thing, all though there may be different beliefs for each, they exist for the same reason.
What were some of the questions asked by our students? Report on the answers that were given.
Why do only woman have to wear headscarfs?
It is called a Hijab and is a religious act to cover their hair. Men can wear a hijab as well but not necessarily on their head, they normally wear it mid waste. Many people believe that it is offensive and sexist that only the women wear the headscarves. Women in Islam however do not believe this, they find it empowering that women wear them, like it’s an honour. That it makes them unique, something only for women, something that men do not have to wear. They find it empowering and it makes them special. They do not wear the Hijab every second of every day though. Women must wear it out in public, in front of others but when at their own home they may take it off. However, if they’re at home and their siblings friend comes round, they then must put it back on.
– Why are there chairs in front of the woman when they pray?
This is a sort of message to people, not to walk in front of someone who is praying. The chairs create a barrier so people know not to walk in front of the woman, otherwise it could be considered rude and disrespectful. A prayer is something between the Muslim and Allah, if interrupted it can disrupt that. However, if a chair is placed in front of you when praying then it prevents an interruption from happening, causing not distractions from you and Allah.
– Why do the woman pray upstairs, behind the men instead of in the same place as them?
The woman have different praying areas to the men so the men do not get distracted when the woman are in front of them. If the woman were praying in front of the men, when they have to bend over they kind of stick their butts in the men’s faces. This can distract the men, so they are looking at the women instead of focusing on the prayer. Also because it can be embarrassing for the women having to bend down in front of the men, so having separate praying areas saves the women from not only embarrassment, but helps the men focus on the prayer instead of the women in front.
What do you think about girls wearing a headscarf?
I liked wearing the headscarf, not only was it something different from what I usually wear but I had also never experienced wearing it before. I was actually excited thinking about wearing the headscarf whilst on the bus, on the way to the Mosque, I think because I had never worn one before and I was excited to finally have that chance. I also didn’t want to upset anyone by having my hair out, I knew it was a religious act to wear the hijab, and especially because I had never met anyone from this religion. So I knew that by wearing the headscarf I would not upset anyone who saw me. Overall I liked wearing it, I didn’t have a problem with it and found it interesting to see what other girls in Islam wear.